The science of life, Ayurveda, was originally bestowed by Brahma to Prajapathi, who transmitted the knowledge to Ashwini kumaras. In turn, Ashwini kumaras taught Indra (Sahasraksa) who conveyed the ancient teachings to Artreya and other sages who became the teachers of Agnivesha and other disciples.
Agnivesha and other disciples then composed treatises of their own with diverse topics and directions.
The essence of other ancient texts which treasured the understanding of ayurveda in a scattered form has been distilled in Ashtang Hridya. The format of Ashtang Hridya is neither too long nor too short and is easy to understand.
Ayurveda is classified into eight branches –
- Kayachikitsa -Internal Medicine
- Balachikitsa -Paediatrics
- Graha Chikitsa -Psychiatry
- Shalakya (Urdhvanga) Chikitsa -ENT (ear, nose, throat and head) and opthalmology
- Shalya Chikitsa – Surgery
- Visha (Dranstha) Chikitsa -Toxicology
- Rasayana (Jara) – Rejuvenation Therapy
- Vajeekarana (Vrishan) – Aphrodisiac treatment
Vata, Pitta and Kapha are the three doshas explained in Ayurveda.
- Abnormal doshas (Vikruta), disrupts the body and its functions
- Normal doshas (Avikruta), supports the body and its functions.
Though doshas are present all over in the body, predominately their centers are:
Vata – below the level of the navel
Pitta – between the navel and the heart
Kapha – above the level of heart
Dominant period of activation for three doshas according to age, time of day or night and during digestion –
(End – later stage)
|During digestive process|
How doshas affect the quality of AGNI?
|Dosha dominance||State of Agni|
|Vata||Vishamagni (erratic or fitful)|
|Pitta||Tikshnagni (sharp or strong)|
|Kapha||Mandagni (dull or slow)|
|Sama||Sama – agni (proper)|
How doshas influence the functions of the koshtha (bowel movements)?
|Dosha dominance||Koshtha (Bowel habits)|