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Article writing contest for month of August 2017

 

Dear Student,

Topics for article writing contest –

You have the liberty of choosing any one of the topic from the list as mentioned below:

1. Manjishta – Role in Psoriasis

OR

2. Dos and don’ts in Varsha Ritu

OR

3. Local anesthesia in Ayurveda

OR

4. Importance of mother’s milk according to Ayurveda

  1. Rewards for participating in the Article Writing Competition:

    This month the cash rewards will be for 5 winners

    • 1st prize winner will receive cash prize of Rs. 4000/-
    • 2nd & 3rd prize winners will receive cash prize of Rs. 3000/- each and
    • 4th and 5th prize winner will receive cash prize of Rs. 1500/- each

    This competition offers a chance to the students have their writing skills reviewed by Charak’s senior editor and the award winning article will be published in Charak Times, a quarterly newsletter, circulated across all the Ayurvedic colleges, senior practitioners, and consultants. T he content will also be uploaded on the student site and even on the blog page of Charak Pharma website.

    We urge and request you to continue participating in Charak students’ online activities.

    Terms and conditions of participating in the “Article Writing Contest”

    1. Register on student.charak.com if not registered
    2. Post your article at “drcharak@charak.com”
    3. The article must consist of the contents and style as mentioned below:
    • Article should be in blog format
    • Word count – minimum 500 and maximum 800
    • Content should be relevant to the topic selected
    • The content must be in English
    • The article must in “Word doc”
    • The article should be original work and not a plagiarism
    • Research articles will not be considered as Articles

    Tips on writing the article:

    1. For this contest, we are looking for health related articles based on the topics suggested. Writers have to express his/her ideas and expertise on the subject. The article should be original work and not a copy paste. The article should be in simple, easy to understand language for common people.
    2. The article must begin with an intro paragraph with definition, statistics, prevalence, facts, focus and attention-grabbing points. (approx. 200 words)
    3. The next paragraph (section) must elaborately include findings, causes, risk factors and the core reason of the relevant condition/title of the topic/indication
    4. The third section must include current treatment options for the given condition/title of the topic/indication
    5. In the final section, enlist/mention the useful herbs and minerals for the management of the given condition/title of the topic/indication.
    6. Finally, conclude with your opinion, analysis, and comments on the topic.

    Before sending the article please proof read your article.

    Submission of the articles – The timeline for submitting the article is 15th September 2017.  Please submit your article at drcharak@charak.com.

Award Winning Contest

Do's and Don'ts in Varsha Ritu

Do’s and Don’ts in Varsha Ritu

Author: Dr. Pooja Mehta,

M.D. 1st year,

Department of Panchkarma,

R.G.G.P.G.Ayu. College and hospital Paprola, HP

Ayurveda primarily aims at maintaining the health of a healthy individual. To achieve this Ayurveda recommends following different diet and lifestyle schedule in each season which helps to maintain the health. Ayurveda state that when seasons are changing and an individual changes his/her lifestyle and diet to suit that part season, the change must be gradual over a period of 15 days. Slowly try to give up the initial lifestyle and adopt new one.

Mid July to mid September is considered as varsha ritu. During this season the sky is covered by clouds and rains occur without thunderstorm. The ponds, rivers, etc are filled with water. The predominant rasa during this season is Amla (sour) and Mahabhuta predominant are Prittvi and Agni. Varsha ritu according to Ayurveda, falls in uttarayan (northern selstice) and the general body strength of an individual is weak. One must follow a specific diet and lifestyle schedule in rainy season as the chances of having digestive problem is great during this season. In this ritu aggravation of Vata and accumulation of pitta is observed. This is the major cause of various diseases during this season.

Diet in varsha ritu (rainy season)

Water available in the reservoirs during monsoon is comparatively heavy to digest and metabolism is sluggish during this period. An individual is likely to experience loss of appetite. Keeping in mind one needs to make following changes in his/her diet.

  • Consume light and fresh foods prepared from barley, rice and wheat.
  • Foods having Amla (sour) and lavan (salty) taste and of sneha (unctous) qualities are to be taken.
  • Include cow’s ghee, lentils, green gram, rice and wheat in daily diet.
  • Consume small piece of ginger with rock salt before every meal.
  • Take sour and salted soups of vegetables, onion lean meat and vegetables.
  • Drink boiled and cooled water mixed with honey.
  • Eat warm food and avoid eating uncooked foods and salads.
  • Bhavaprakash states that consuming Haritaki with rock salt in monsoon season is beneficial to health.
  • Yusha are to be included in the diet.
  • Add honey, ghee, oil in diet.
  • Old shali rice, wheat, oats, vegetable soup should be added in diet.
  • Intake of river water, churned preparations having more water, excessive liquid and wine are to be avoided.
  • The food which are heavy to digest, like meats etc. are prohibited.

Lifestyle in varsha ritu (rainy season)

Only taking healthy diet may not provide desired benefits unless supported by a healthy lifestyle. The important changes that one should make in one’s lifestyle in rainy season are-

  • Avoid sleeping in daytime as it hampers digestion and slows down the metabolism.
  • Avoid over exertion and over exposure to sun, avoid moving out in afternoon sun.
  • Always keep the surroundings dry and clean.
  • Don’t allow water to get accumulated around.
  • Keep body warm as viruses attack immediately when body temperature goes down.
  • Don’t enter air conditioned room with wet hair and damp clothes.
  • Avoid getting wet in the rains.
  • Use only warm water for bath.
  • Rub the body with oil after bath.
  • Medicated basti is prescribed as an evacuation measure to expel vitiated doshas.
  • Avoid excessive walking, exercises.
  • Avoid excessive sexual indulgence.

As with change in season, the change in the body homeostasis is natural phenomena. The principle of Ayurvedic system of medicine is preventive aspect. It can be achieved by the change in diet and practices in response to change in climatic condition.

Sthanya Pramukyatha

Sthanya Pramukyatha

Author- Dr. V. Yamini Sowbhagya

PG Prasuti Streeroga, II Year

Dr. Brkr. Govt. Ayurvedic College, Hyderabad, Telangana

INTRODUCTION:

Lactation is secretion of milk from breasts. Breast milk is the best milk for infants. It is natural phenomenon which occurs in mammals. Usually baby recognizes mother by tactile sensation that initiates ‘rooting and sucking reflex’. Mother’s ‘vatsalya’ (affection) towards child, hearing cry of baby initiates galactokinesis (ejection of milk). Breast feeding increases bonding between mother and baby. Ayurveda considers breast milk equals to nectar. Sthanya has properties of shankabha (color of conch shell), madhuram (sweet to taste), sheeta (cold potency), jeevanam (increase survival of baby), brhmana (anabolic action), satmya (suits for immature digestive system), pacify pitta, sara (laxative), shudda (naturally sterile), ojo karam (increases immunity, milk lactose inhibits E-coli, poliovirus), sleshmalam (low fat helps in easy digestion), and  mother can feed at any time. It even beneficial to mother acting as natural contraceptive (due to prolactin hormone prevents ovulation), early recovery to pre-pregnant state, post-partum hemorrhage, lessens risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, metabolic syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis. In present days due to modernization, lack of time (in working women), misconceptions on breast feeding, increased caesarian section making infants away from breast feed. In India, every year 26 million children are taking birth. Among them only 41.6% are benefitted with mother’s milk with in 1 hour after delivery (acc to NFHS-4). Approximately 15 million are not getting such privilege. Only 55% of infants are exclusively breast fed (according to WHO, up to 6 months of baby lifespan should exclusively breast fed).

 

PRAKRITHA EVAM VIKRUTHA STHANYA:

According to ayurveda, shuddha sthanya should be normal in color, smell, taste and touch, mix evenly when pour in water. If mother performs viruddha aharasevana, viruddha vihara, oushadhatiyoga can cause dushitha sthanya. This is because sthanya is upadhatu of rasa dhatu and directly influenced by qualities of rasa dhatu.this can be diagnosed by letting a drop of milk in water. In case of vata dushita sthanya, milk drop floats in water. In case of pitta, gives out a yellow tinge in water. In case of kapha, milk drop sinks. Dushita sthanya causes nutrional deficiencies and vividha roga in children. Sthanya kshaya is condition where breast milk is less than 2 anjali pramana per feed. This is usually prevented in India by using as regular pathya for delivered women in name of Panjil & Pinni (North India), Kaatu(Gujarathi), Methipak(West Bengal), Gondh laddu(Maharashtra), Payasam(South India).

 

CHIKITSA:

In dushta sthanya, ‘Matha/Upamatha/Dhatri’ should undergo ‘mrudu virechana’ and drug like Maha tikthaka gritam, Guduchyadhi tailam, Patola churnam, Dasa mula arishta can be given. In sthanya kshaya, drugs like Shatavari kalpa, Jeerakadhi arishta, and Sowbhagya sunti can be advised. Eka oushada used in sthanya kshaya are swetha jeeraka, sata pushpa, shatavari, lasuna, ajamoda, twak patra, vidari kanda, methika, vacha, yashti madhu, ksheera.

 

STHANYA AS OUSHADA:

 

There are many references in samhitas where sthanya be used as oushada.

“Maanusham vatapitta asruk abhigatha akshirogajith|tarpana aschyotana nasyaihi” (A H SU 5/26)

 

PICHU (TAMPON): Breast milk can be used as local pichu in case of hemorrhage and for wound healing

ASCHYOTANA (EYE DROPS): Breast milk can be used as eye drops in case of eye irritation, excess lacrimation, congestion, pain and discomfort

NASYA (NASAL DROPS): Breast milk mixed with ikshu rasa can be used as nasal drops in case of epistaxis, excess thirst or dryness of mouth, pacify pitta.

 

In compound drugs:

MRITA SANJEEVINI SURA: One of the ingredients in this drug. It is balyam and rasayanam

KACCHURADI CHURNAM: This powder is mixed with breast milk and applied on fore head for relieving from sirah sula.

 

CONCLUSION:

Explanation about ‘Upamatha/ Dhatri’ (wet-nurse) explains the importance of mother’s milk. They are equal to milk banks in recent era.

There is need to create awareness about breastfeeding.

The key issues are

PROTECTION: Need to protect mother from artificial milk.

PROMOTION: Need to create awareness, removing misconceptions.

SUPPORT: Maternity hospitals, family, society, working area, non govt. association should support breastfeeding mother.

Internationally a week is dedicated for breastfeeding from Aug 1- Aug 7 of every year with a new motto. Government declared need to establish crèche facility within working area, if employees are more than 100 to encourage breast feeding and child care. This makes us to understand support from government.

 

One shouldn’t suppress breast milk, instead can be donated so that others can make use of it in form of feeding other babies & therapeutic purpose.  As breast milk is rich in proteins and immunoglobulin can be used as natural antiseptic for cuts, wounds, diaper rash as local application and for cosmetic purpose in making use of body lotions, soaps, creams as skin care.

Manjishta- Role in Psoriasis

Manjishta- Role in Psoriasis

Author- Dr. Neha Roy

MD (PG) Student

Govt Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Guwahati, Assam

Psoriasis is a chronically occurring inflammatory disorder which is characterised clinically by discrete, thick, red plaques with itching and slivery white scales. It is estimated psoriasis affects 2-4% of the western world population with equal frequency in men and women and in all ages, but the two  peak age groups for psoriasis are young adults (16-22years) and elderly people (57-60 years).

The exact cause of the disease remains unknown, but the present evidence suggest that psoriasis results from defect in immune regulation (T-cell mediated), predisposed genes and is triggered by environmental factors (trauma, infection, stress and drugs like NSAID). Due to the above mentioned factors there is faulty rapid formation of new epidermal cells in days rather than a week which accumulates on the surface and form psoriatic plaques. Despite the researches the “master switch” that turns on psoriasis is a mystery.

There are mainly seven clinical types of psoriasis –

  • Plaque type (most common, also known as psoriasis vulgaris)
  • Guttate type (drop like spots)
  • Pustular type (pus filled)
  • Inverse (flexural)
  • Erythrodermic (exfoliative)
  • Psoriasis of nails
  • Psoriatic arthritis

Comorbidities with psoriasis: people affected by psoriasis have an increased incidence of Crohn’s disease, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes, ulcerative colitis, hypertension and increased risk of cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, depression and suicide.

Diagnosis of psoriasis is clinical and based on identification of distinctive morphological features and typical distribution (discrete, thick plaques, auspitz sign etc.).  In doubtful cases, a biopsy of a recent untreated lesion for histopathological study aids in diagnosis.

The management of psoriasis depend on the involvement of body surface area, severity. There are mainly three therapeutic modalities

  1. Topical therapy (Steroids, Calcipotrein, Tar, etc)
  2. Phototherapy (UVB, UVA)
  3. Systemic therapy (Methotrexate, Cyclosporine etc.)

Prognosis of Psoriasis though good it is not curable. However there are many treatment options that can clear psoriasis and keep it under control.

 

Ayurveda the holistic science proves to be an effective way in managing Psoriasis. The approach of Ayurveda is unique as not only at curing the disease but also improves the quality of life of the patient avoiding the risk factors.

Ayurveda considers skin disorders under the spectrum of Kushtha. Psoriasis is considered as a clinical type of Kushtha which closely resemble ekakushtha and kitibha kushtha. The vitiation of vata and kapha doshas along with pitta by dietary and lifestyle transgressions play a key role in the genesis of chronic skin disease in addition with ama (viz. endogenous metabolic waste product) by causing laxity in the dhatus (deep tissues of the body) tvacha, rakta, mamsa and lasika .

Management of psoriasis is constantly evolving but Ayurveda’s holistic approach and principles advocated twenty centuries ago remains the core. Assessing the roga bala and rogi bala remains of prime importance before

  • Samshodhan chikitsa (biopurificatory measures of snehan, swedan, vaman, virechan, vasti and raktamokshana) is adviced.
  • Internal medications : in form of decoction(kashaya), tablets (gutika or vati), medicated ghee, purgatives (virechans yoga)
  • External application

Manjishta (Rubia cordifolia) also known as the Indian Madder is one of the important herbs in managing psoriasis (Kushtha) and is mentioned in our classics ( Brihatrayee, Laghutrayee and Nighantus). It has more two species viz. Rubia akana (Asian Madder) and Rubia tinctoram (European or African Madder).

Manjishta is having madhur (sweet), tikta (bitter) and kashaya (astringent) ras , hot potency (ushna virya) and guru (heavy)as its physical properties (guna). Owing to the above properties it acts as vishahara (antitoxic), varnya (enhances lustre of skin), sleshmahara (alleviates vitiated kapha). Phytochemical studies showed that chemical constituents of Manjishta are alkaloids, cardiac glycosides tannins, flavonoids, phenol and antraquinone. This makes Manjishta one of the best anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, gastro-protective and soothing drug. Manjishta (part used: root and stem) is used as a single herb or in combination (yoga) in form (kalpa) of churna, lepa, kwath, ghrita or taila and used internally or externally to cure Kushtha (psoriasis) and also prevent it from reoccurrence. Various yogas of Manjishta mentioned in our samhitas (classics) indicated in Kushtha are (Psoriais) Manjisthadyha taila, Sarvanga sundara ras, Shunthyadi mahakashaya, Manjisthadi leha, Manjisthadi kwath etc. It is worth mentioning that Ayurvedic kalpa (formulations) of Manjishta is useful in grahani, kasa, prameha, vata rakta, vyanga, etc chikitsa. Therefore it also helps in preventing the co-morbidities of Psoriasis.

Ayurveda has a unique understanding of pathophysiology of Psoriasis (Kushtha) and its line of treatment (chikitsa siddhanta). Manjishta is one of the time tested drug in treatment of raktapradoshaja vikar like Kushtha. The efficacy of Manjishta in skin diseases has opened new windows in research for development of new advanced drugs. It is one of the valuable drugs and works wonders both as single and compound drug in management multifactorial chronic disease like Psoriasis.