Article writing contest for month of January – February 2018

Dear Student,

Topics for article writing contest –

You have the liberty of choosing any one of the topics from the list as mentioned below:

1. Curcuma longa’s role as a “Lekhaniya” in chronic disorders

2.  Modern correlation to 20 types of Yonivyapads

3. Hemant – Shishir Ritucharya

4. Role of Dashamoola in chronic pain

 Rewards for participating in the Article Writing Competition: Cash rewards will be for 3 winners

  • 1st prize winner will receive a cash prize of Rs. 5000/-
  • 2nd prize winners will receive a cash prize of Rs. 4000/-
  • 3rd prize winner will receive a cash prize of Rs. 3000/-

This competition offers a chance to the students have their writing skills reviewed by Charak’s senior editor. The winning articles will also be uploaded to the student site and even on the blog page of Charak Pharma website.

We urge and request you to continue participating in Charak students’ online activities.

Terms and conditions of participating in the “Article Writing Contest”

  1. Register on if not registered
  2. Post your article at “[email protected]
  3. The article must consist of the contents and style as mentioned below:
  • Article should be in blog format
  • Word count – minimum 500 and maximum 800
  • Content should be relevant to the topic selected
  • The content must be in English
  • The article must in “Word doc”
  • The article should be original work and not a plagiarism
  • Research articles will not be considered as Articles

Tips on writing the article:

  1. For this contest, we are looking for health-related articles based on the topics suggested. Writers have to express his/her ideas and expertise on the subject. The article should be original work and not a copy paste. The article should be in simple, easy to understand language for common people.
  2. The article must begin with an intro paragraph with definition, statistics, prevalence, facts, focus and attention-grabbing points.
  3. The next paragraph (section) must elaborately include findings, causes, risk factors and the core reason for the relevant condition/title of the topic/indication
  4. The third section must include current treatment options for the given condition/title of the topic/indication
  5. In the final section, enlist/mention the useful herbs and minerals for the management of the given condition/title of the topic/indication.
  6. Finally, conclude with your opinion, analysis, and comments on the topic.

Before sending, please proofread your article.

Submission of the articles – The last date for submitting the article is 20th February 2018.  Please submit your article at [email protected].

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CURCUMA LONGA’S ROLE AS A ” LEKHANIYA”  IN CHRONIC DISEASES                                  

Author – Dr. Parimala Khashbhag

BAMS Student

Shri B.M.K. Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Belgaum, Karnataka


Understanding of lekhana karma:

1)  Lekhana karma is defined as the drug which has the capacity  of  removing unwanted tissues( Dhatu mala), metabolic wastes from the body (ref. Sha.Pra.4/10-11) ; Adamalla clears that it is concerned only with  sharirika mala, not manasika dosha.So it  can be implemented in metabolic disorders etc.

2) Acc to Gangadhara :- On rubbing which  produces cracks on skin(charms vidarana) is called lekhana.It can applicable in various skin disorders or hyperlipidemia condition.

3) He tells Lekhaniya drugs are predominant in Vayu and Agni mahabhoota.

Properties of vayu mahabhoota are as follows:-

1) Ruksha/dry :- Which dose the Shoshana karma which is useful in kleda pradhana diseases like prameha, kushta which are chronic diseases.

2) Sheeta/cold :- It is useful in blood related disease eg.bleeding disorders.

3) Khara/rough :- It does lekhana karma so use full in dyslipidemia and endocrine disorders.

4) Sookshma/minute:- It clears minute chanals eg in atherosclerosis it can be used.

5) Vishada/clean:- Which has cleansing capacity so it can be adopted in metabolic acidosis etc.

6) Laghu/Lightness :- It gives lightness and enthusiasm.

7) Chala guna :- It has the capacity of stimulating the things,so it can be used in chronic hormonal imbalances.


Properties of Agni mahabhoota:-

1) Ruksha.

2) Teekshna:- It dose Shodhana karma,thus  useful in expelling impurities from the body.

3) Ushna/hot:- Which produces perspiration.It is needed in fever associated conditions.

4) Vishada.

5) Sookshma.

6) Laghu.

4) Dalhan:- lekhana karma is indicated in kapha and medho roga i.e hypercholestremia etc.

5) Cha.Su.4 :- Haridra(curcuma longa) is one among the ten drugs mentioned in  lekhaniya dashemani.Drugs which are mentioned in this group are having katu(pungent) and tikta(bitter) taste.

Haridra/Curcuma longa

        It is most commonly  used traditional medicine in India.

Its properties:-

Rasa/taste:- Tikta and katu, Veerya:- Ushna, Gunas :- Ruksha and Laghu,  Vipaka:- katu.

Karma:- Pitta-kaphahara,Lekhaniya, useful in allergic disorders.

Phytochemicals:-Curcumin,curcumen, terpene, alkaloids,CHO, flavonoids etc.

Diseases where Haridra is indicated  are as follows:-

1) Anemia

2) Ulcers

3) Skin diseases.

4) Diabetes.

5) Helmentics.

6) Pruritis.

7) Blood related diseases.

8) Edema.

9) Hyperlipidemia.

10) Jaundice.

11) Chronic and allergic respiratory infection.

Its lekhana karma by katu and tikta rasa is very much useful in chronic conditions because these rasa are  having following properties which act on different tissue level and reverse the pathology leading to good prognosis.

Katu rasa/pungent taste:

  • Mukha shodaka :- Loss of taste is common presentation in many chronic disorders. It does cleansing action by its vishada property as mentioned earlier.
  • Agni dipak:- Acc. to ayurveda all diseases are mainly due to impairment in digestive fire,so it improves agni and thus helps in preventing and curing diseases.
  • Bhaktam shoshayati:- It helps in proper utilization of energy thus preventing malnutrition and metabolic disorders etc.
  • Sputikaroti indriyani:- As disease progresses level of sensory perception decreases,so to keep its function optimum it is helpful.
  • Kledaan upahanti :- it removes exes moistness from the body which is needed in kushta, visarpa like diseases.
  • Vranaan avasadayati :- In case of chronic diabetes patient, formation of ulceration are more common,it controls spreading and cure the ulcers.
  • It helps in destroying krimi which are more common in many chronic diseases like shiro roga, hrudroga and vrana etc.
  • Shonita sanghatam bhinatti :- It helps in disolving clots so it can be used in DVT and DIS.
  • It helps in clearing very minute channels in conditions like atherosclerosis etc.
  • It helps in treating different skin disorders.

Properties of Tikta rasa/bitter taste:-

  • Aruchi nashaka.
  • Helps in managing toxic conditions and fever etc.
  • It cure burning sensation which may be complication of long standing diabetes or other neurological conditions.
  • It also helps in removing increased moisture from the body.
  • It has lekhana property thus helps in hyperlipidemia or obesity.
  • It purifies breast milk.
  • It pacifies thirst which may be induced by underlined conditions fever,chronic diabetes or simple thirst.
  • It cleanses throat.

Pharmacological effect of Curcuma longa:-

  • Anti-inflammatory.
  • Anti-cancer.
  • Anti-microbial.
  • Lowers the cholesterol.
  • Inhibit platelet aggregation.
  • Effective in Alzeimer’s patient.


Haridra/curcuma longa helps in maintaining proper digestive fire, skin function, neurological function, lipid profile and tissue integrity which are commonly affected in chronic diseases, by its pharmacological properties like pungent and bitter taste as well as by its phytochemicals.

So lekhaniya karma of curcuma longa plays very important role in chronic disease.


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Dr. Uzma A. Qureshi

PG Scholar

Govt. Ayurved College Nagpur.

Swasthasya Swasthya Rakshanam.” is main moto of Ayurveda-(ancient science based on preventive aspect along with curative one). A latest research organization on environment and health showed that 61% of all death in India are due to lifestyle or non-communicable diseases. From all this we come to know that our Acharyas had an idea about continuously increasing faulty food habits and daily regime, leading to number of diseases. In our country, situation of lifestyle disorders is quite alarming. Its peak time to divert our mind and focus on preventive aspect mentioned by our Acharyas in classical texts 5000 years ago. Dincharya, Ritucharya are few of them.

We know Ritucharya is seasonal regime simply. But deep thought behind that, ritu act as vyanjak and nimittakaran in aggravation and manifestation of disease. Charya– regarding diet and behaviour to acclimatize seasonal enforcement easily without altering body. In our holistic science, year is divided in two periods (ayan, solistice) depending on direction of movement of sun i.e Uttarayan-northern solistice, Aadan kala, ushna kala and Dakshinayan-southern solistics,visarg kala, sheeta kala. Each is formed of three ritus, in which Shishir comes under beginning of Aadan kala and Hemant under ending of visarg kala. Hence maximum bala (strength)is observed during these seasons.

Hemant ritu:-Himagam/Tushar/late autmn observed in mid-November to mid-January. Pitta prasham is observed in this ritu, when Sharad ritucharya is followed properly. Predominance of madhur ras(~predominence of sweet),  Prithvi and Aapa mahabhut is found. In this ritu wind is not very dry , moon is more powerful than sun hence strength of person enhances during this period. Agni (digestive power) becomes powerful. It is advice to consume food predominant with snigdha (~with fats and oil),Amla(~sour) Lavan(~lots of salt)substance, as nights are longer person feels hungry early in morning. After attending to ablution, abhyang (oil massage) to balance vata with vataghna oil especially to scalp and forehead (murdhnitail), niyudha (wrestling) till one’s half strength and padaghat (trampling) are recommended. After that oil is washed off with astringent powder of kesar(saffron) and kasturi(musk), body is exposed to fumes of agaru.

Diet- As agni is tikshna, audak aanup mass(meat of well nourished animals), wine prepared with jaggery, suparnant part of wine, sugarcane product, til(sesame), various fats, oil, milk and milk products are mentioned to use. Food prepared with wheat flour,freshly harvested rice corn cereals,pulses,green gram,black gram are adviced.

Vihar /lifestyle:-Use of warm water for all purposes, exposure to sunlight, regular exercise upto half strength, footwears are mandatory in this ritu. Residing in warm place with persons, bhugarbh (underground chambers) are adviced for prevention of diseases. Use of thick sheets (blanket) made of cotton, leather, silk, can be used in todays era. Sex is advice in this ritu as per strength and liking. Vata aggrevating food such as laghu Aahar(light and less diet), dry foods, intake of cold water, exposure to cold should be avoided.

Shishir rituHima /Winter/Dewy season observed during mid January to mid March. Predominance of tikta ras, Akash and Vayu Mahabhut are observed. The strength of person becomes less as compared with Hemant but cold and dryness is more intense in this ritu hence Kapha sanchay kala is observed here, this kapha should further expelled out in Vasant ritu(kapha prakop) by means of Vaman karma(emesis). Agni is also powerful in this ritu. Therefore same regime as of Hemant ritu is followed here adding more protection from wind and measures to prevent dryness and vata aggrevating factors are to be avoided. Spicy food with predomince of katu(~pungent), tikta(~bitter), kashay(~astringent) ras, laghu (light & easy to digest), sheeta(cold)diet should be avoided.

This regime is given in Brihatrayee. Even in 21st century we can follow this regime very easily to achieve better health and prevention. Guru snigdha aahar can be milk and milk product like paneer, basundi, shrikhanda etc. Having tasty parathas made of veggies along with cow ghee can be best option, meat soups, snacks made of whole wheat flour along with black gram soaked adding fenugreek seeds is best in this ritu. Simple walking exercise can be easy way, oil massage of til oil siddha with Nirgundi (Vitex nigundo), Errand leaves (Riccinus communis) can be beneficial. We are using face packs nowadays, instead that after massage, powder of Lodhra (symplocos racemosa), Chandan(santalam album), Nagkeshar(messua ferra), Sariva(Hemidesmus indicus), Usheer(andropogan muricatus), Manjistha(rubia cordifolia) can be used as scrub and pack for removing oil adding charm and lightening complexion benefits. Wearing sweaters, living in covered houses to prevent from external wind, using warm water for all chores including drinking is easy and manageble.

These ritu provide maximum bala and golden chance to build immunity and achieve strength. Hence everyone should follow this regime atleast for preventive purpose of their own health and their families, ultimately leading a step towards good health of individual,society and country.




Dr. Krushnkumar Taviad

Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana,

Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar


Chronic diseases (CDs) are non-communicable illnesses that are prolonged in duration, do not resolve spontaneously, and are rarely cured completely. CDs continue to be an important public health problem in India, being responsible for a major proportion of mortality and morbidity. According to the World Health Organisation, nearly 61% of deaths in India are now attributed to non-communicable diseases, including heart disorders, cancer and diabetes. Cardiovascular diseases (coronary heart disease, stroke, and hypertension) contribute to 45% of all CDs deaths, followed by chronic respiratory disease (22 %), cancer (12 %) and diabetes (3%). The UN agency has warned countries including India, against premature deaths due to CDs and said governments must step up efforts immediately.

Demographic changes, changes in the lifestyle along with increased rates of urbanization are the major reasons responsible for the tilt towards the chronic diseases. Lack of physical activity causing health problems related to cardiovascular systems and metabolism, along with the development of certain kinds of cancer. Poor, unbalanced diets which fail to supply the proper nourishment and nutrients, with problems regarding salt, sugar and fat consumption contributing towards the development of CDs. Abuse of tobacco and alcohol which leaves people vulnerable to a host of diseases including lung disease, metabolic disorders and cancer. These causes are expressed through the intermediate risk factors of raised blood pressure, raised glucose levels, abnormal blood lipids, overweight and obesity. Burden of CDs and their risk factors impact on life expectancy, quality of life, social and economic implications.

Chronic diseases usually require daily care and often involve multiple conventional pharmacologic interventions. The burden of chronic diseases continues to increase in the low and middle income countries despite the widely available evidence for effective interventions. Prevention of CDs is important. Management of CDs includes the detection, screening and treatment of CDs as well as palliative care. Such interventions are essential for reduction in the risk of premature mortality from CDs. Many of the affected citizens are unable to afford primary healthcare treatment for CDs; hence, they depend, even if minimally, on alternative therapies such as traditional herbal medicines (THMs). The Ayurvedic preventive & health promotive approaches (diet and life style advocacy) and therapeutic modalities either stand alone or as add on therapies have an edge over conventional medical approach in dealing with chronic diseases and life style related diseases.

The classical Ayurvedic texts have vividly described Santarpanjanya Vyadhi (diseases caused due to over nutrition and sedentary lifestyle). CDs can be stated under broad umbrella of Santarpanjanya Vyadhi based upon the etiological factors and symptom complexes. The excessive Santarpana leads to vitiation of Kapha Dosha, Meda Dhatu and various obstructive pathologies. Taking into consideration the treatment modalities in Ayurveda, Lekhaniya drugs seems to be one of the best treatment in Santarpanjanya Vyadhi as it is the fastest Apatarpana, when prepared with Lekhaniya drugs. Administration of Lekhaniya drugs possessing Tikta Rasa (bitter taste), Ushna Veerya (hot in potency), Laghu and Ruksha Guna (light and dry qualities), Katu Vipaka and Vata Kaphahara properties which pacifies the abnormally increased Sneha, Kapha Dosha, Meda Dhatu and which in turn helps in Samprapti Vighatana (to break the pathogenesis) of chronic diseases.

Haridra (Curcuma longa Linn (Zingiberaceae family)) is a rhizomatous household spice and has been a widely used medicine in India since ancient times. Acharya Charaka mentioned it in the Lekhaniya, Kusthaghna, Vishaghna, Shleshma Samshaman gana. It has Medohara, Rukshana, Lekhana and Karshana properties. C. longa has TiktaKatu Rasa, Ushna Virya, Katu Vipaka and Laghu, Ruksha Gunas, hence pacifies Kapha, digests Ama, absorbs excess Jala (Kleda), clears obstruction in Strotas, scraps Meda. By these properties, it is used in CDs condition as local application as well as internal Applications. C. longa is used in various dosage forms; such as Kwatha (decoction), Lepa (paste), Avaleha (confections), Taila (medicated oil), Ghrita (fat soluble preparations), Vati (pills), Churna (powder), Rasaushadhi (herbo-mineral preparations). Therapies like Lekhana Basti (medicated enema), Udvartana (herbal powder massage) also helps to break the pathogenesis of CDs. C. longa acts on this hazardous combination of Meda and Kapha and hence wards off Prameha (diabetes). It also destroys the cholesterol, excess fat and helps in shedding weight in obese patients. In respiratory disorder like asthma and congestion, fumes of Haridradi dhumvarti (fumes wick) were given. Hence, C. longa is an efficient Lekhaniya herb used as a solitary drug or in combination of other herbs or herbo-mineral preparations in various dosage forms to prevent and cure Chronic diseases.


“Takes Haridra (Curcuma longa) today, Keeps the Chronic disease away”

 “If there is a chance of CD, Take Haridra BD”